Effects of salinity on sodium accumulation in interspecific hybrid rice (NERICA) lines grown on different types of soil

Chiharu Sone, Makoto Tsuda, Yoshihiko Hirai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Rice yield in Africa is low due to salinity as well as a low fertility. We investigated the effects of soil nutrient conditions on shoot sodium accumulation in 20 interspecific hybrid rice (NERICA) lines, their parents WAB56-104 (Oryza sativa L.) and CG14 (O. glaberrima Steud.), and 8 O. sativa L. cultivars grown on different types of soil. The rice plants were grown in 0.5 L pots filled with paddy soil or Masa soil which is less fertile, and subjected to saline irrigation (100 mM NaCl) for one week on Masa soil or two weeks on paddy soil from 18 days after sowing. This was because the visible injury by salinization appeared earlier on Masa soil. Leaf age at the beginning of salinization did not vary with the soil type. The average sodium content of shoot in all cultivars on Masa soil was significantly higher than that on paddy soil. In both types of soil, sodium content of shoot was highest in CG14 and lowest in Pokkali (30-40% of CG14). There were large differences in sodium content of shoot among NERICA lines. The highest was close to the value in CG14 and the lowest was lower than that in WAB56-104 (55-65% of CG14). Sodium content of shoot on paddy soil was positively correlated with that on Masa soil. However, the ratio of sodium content of shoot on Masa soil to that on paddy soil significantly varied with the cultivar. These results indicated that there was a large variation in the sodium content of shoot, i.e., salinity tolerance, among NERICA lines. Sodium accumulation in the shoot was increased by salinity more easily on the soil poor in nutrients than on the fertile soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-340
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Crop Science
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Salinity
masa
soil types
Soil
Sodium
sodium
paddy soils
salinity
rice
shoots
soil
soil salinization
Oryza sativa
cultivars
Oryza glaberrima
Oryza
soil nutrients
soil fertility
sowing
irrigation

Keywords

  • Masa soil
  • Nerica
  • O. glaberrima steud
  • Poor nutrient
  • Salinity
  • Sodium content
  • Soil type

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science
  • Genetics

Cite this

Effects of salinity on sodium accumulation in interspecific hybrid rice (NERICA) lines grown on different types of soil. / Sone, Chiharu; Tsuda, Makoto; Hirai, Yoshihiko.

In: Japanese Journal of Crop Science, Vol. 80, No. 3, 2011, p. 333-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Rice yield in Africa is low due to salinity as well as a low fertility. We investigated the effects of soil nutrient conditions on shoot sodium accumulation in 20 interspecific hybrid rice (NERICA) lines, their parents WAB56-104 (Oryza sativa L.) and CG14 (O. glaberrima Steud.), and 8 O. sativa L. cultivars grown on different types of soil. The rice plants were grown in 0.5 L pots filled with paddy soil or Masa soil which is less fertile, and subjected to saline irrigation (100 mM NaCl) for one week on Masa soil or two weeks on paddy soil from 18 days after sowing. This was because the visible injury by salinization appeared earlier on Masa soil. Leaf age at the beginning of salinization did not vary with the soil type. The average sodium content of shoot in all cultivars on Masa soil was significantly higher than that on paddy soil. In both types of soil, sodium content of shoot was highest in CG14 and lowest in Pokkali (30-40% of CG14). There were large differences in sodium content of shoot among NERICA lines. The highest was close to the value in CG14 and the lowest was lower than that in WAB56-104 (55-65% of CG14). Sodium content of shoot on paddy soil was positively correlated with that on Masa soil. However, the ratio of sodium content of shoot on Masa soil to that on paddy soil significantly varied with the cultivar. These results indicated that there was a large variation in the sodium content of shoot, i.e., salinity tolerance, among NERICA lines. Sodium accumulation in the shoot was increased by salinity more easily on the soil poor in nutrients than on the fertile soil.

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