Effects of rice straw on the color and microstructure of bizen, a traditional japanese stoneware, as a function of oxygen partial pressure

Yoshihiro Kusano, Akira Doi, Minoru Fukuhara, Makoto Nakanishi, Tatsuo Fujii, Jun Takada, Yasunori Ikeda, Mikio Takano, Catherine Henrist, Rudi Cloots, André Rulmont, Marcel Ausloos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of oxygen partial pressure during thermal treatment on the color and microstructure of Bizen, a traditional Japanese stoneware, were studied through model experiments using clay pellets covered lightly with rice straw as a coloring assistant. When heated in flowing nitrogen, the model pellet turned blackish owing to the formation of α-Fe particles coated with graphite. However, schreibersite (Fe3P), which is also blackish, was formed specifically on the pellet surface in direct contact with the straw. The rice straw seems to have generated a strongly reducing atmosphere, strong enough for the metallization to α-Fe, and also to have provided phosphorus through contact. When oxygen content in the surrounding gas atmosphere was raised to N2/O2=99/1, the pellet surface turned yellowish brown because the main coloring material was Fe3+-containing mullite. At oxygen contents of N2/O2=98/2 or more, the formtion of hematite (α-Fe2O3) pushed the color to deep red.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1840-1844
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this