Effects of polygalacturonase overexpression on pectin distribution in the elongation zones of roots under aluminium stress

Teruki Nagayama, Akane Tatsumi, Atsuko Nakamura, Naoki Yamaji, Shinobu Satoh, Jun Furukawa, Hiroaki Iwai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The roots of many plant species contain large amounts of pectin and it contributes to the formation of the rhizosphere. In the present study, the relationship between the root-tip pectin content and aluminium (Al) tolerance in wild-type (WT) and demethylesterified pectin degradation enzyme gene overexpressor (OsPG2-FOX) rice lines was compared. OsPG2-FOX rice showed reduced pectin content in roots, even under control conditions; Al treatment reduced root elongation and the pectin content in the root elongation zone. Wild-type rice showed more pectin accumulation in the root elongation zone after Al treatment. Relative to WT rice, OsPG2-FOX rice showed more Al accumulation in the root elongation zone. These results indicate that the amount of pectin influences Al tolerance and that the distribution of pectin in the root elongation zone inhibits Al accumulation in rice roots. Pectin accumulation in cell walls in the root elongation zone may play a role in protecting rice plants from the Al-induced inhibition of root elongation by regulating pectin distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberplac003
JournalAoB PLANTS
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2022

Keywords

  • Aluminium
  • pectin
  • polygalacturonase
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • root elongation zone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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