Background and Objective: Elimination of pathogens is the main aim of periodontal treatment; however, modulation of the host immune response should also be considered. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of mechanical stimulation on periodontal healing in rats. Material and Methods: Before starting the experiment, lipopolysaccharide and proteases were applied once a day, for 4 wk, to both maxillary first molars of 30 rats to induce periodontal disease, and the application was stopped at the end of the 4-wk period. The experiment started immediately following this pretreatment. In the experiment, the left palatal gingiva was stimulated once daily using a powered toothbrush and the right gingiva served as a control (no mechanical stimulation). Pathological changes, and proliferation and cell death in periodontal tissues, were evaluated histometrically and immunohistochemically at baseline (0 wk), and at 1 and 3 wk of stimulation. Results: The control showed a reduction of polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration in connective tissue and an increase in the numbers of gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Mechanical stimulation reduced polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration and the area of destroyed collagen in connective tissue, and increased the number of gingival fibroblasts; however, it had no effect on alveolar bone and root resorption or on the number of periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Conclusion: Mechanical stimulation accelerated the healing of gingival inflammation by reducing the infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and enhancing fibroblast proliferation and collagen synthesis.
- Mechanical stimulation
- Periodontal disease
- Proliferating cell nuclear antigen
ASJC Scopus subject areas