Effects of low temperature on grain filling, amylose content, and activity of starch biosynthesis enzymes in endosperm of basmati rice

Nisar Ahmed, Masahiko Maekawa, Ian J. Tetlow

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of low temperature on amylose contents and activities of key enzymes related to starch biosynthesis in basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.) endosperm were investigated. Low temperature treatment prolonged the grain-filling period from 32 days to 53 days, but had no significant effect on the final grain weight. Results showed that low temperature during grain filling had no significant effect on total starch content but increased the amylose content in the mature endosperm of hulled rice by 21%. The measurable activities of sucrose synthase (SuSy), ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase), starch phosphorylase (SPase), starch branching enzyme (SBE), and soluble starch synthase (SS) in endosperms developed at 12°C were lower than those at 22°C when compared at a similar ripening stage on an endosperm basis, but the activity of granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS) was significantly higher than the corresponding activity in endosperms developing at 22°C. These findings suggest that GBSS might play a crucial role in increasing amylose during low-temperature growth conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-604
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian Journal of Agricultural Research
Volume59
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Amylose
Endosperm
filling period
amylose
Starch
Starch Synthase
endosperm
starch synthase
biosynthesis
starch
rice
Temperature
Enzymes
enzymes
temperature
Starch Phosphorylase
granules
Glucose-1-Phosphate Adenylyltransferase
1,4-alpha-Glucan Branching Enzyme
1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme

Keywords

  • Starch synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Effects of low temperature on grain filling, amylose content, and activity of starch biosynthesis enzymes in endosperm of basmati rice",
abstract = "The effects of low temperature on amylose contents and activities of key enzymes related to starch biosynthesis in basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.) endosperm were investigated. Low temperature treatment prolonged the grain-filling period from 32 days to 53 days, but had no significant effect on the final grain weight. Results showed that low temperature during grain filling had no significant effect on total starch content but increased the amylose content in the mature endosperm of hulled rice by 21{\%}. The measurable activities of sucrose synthase (SuSy), ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase), starch phosphorylase (SPase), starch branching enzyme (SBE), and soluble starch synthase (SS) in endosperms developed at 12°C were lower than those at 22°C when compared at a similar ripening stage on an endosperm basis, but the activity of granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS) was significantly higher than the corresponding activity in endosperms developing at 22°C. These findings suggest that GBSS might play a crucial role in increasing amylose during low-temperature growth conditions.",
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AU - Ahmed, Nisar

AU - Maekawa, Masahiko

AU - Tetlow, Ian J.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - The effects of low temperature on amylose contents and activities of key enzymes related to starch biosynthesis in basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.) endosperm were investigated. Low temperature treatment prolonged the grain-filling period from 32 days to 53 days, but had no significant effect on the final grain weight. Results showed that low temperature during grain filling had no significant effect on total starch content but increased the amylose content in the mature endosperm of hulled rice by 21%. The measurable activities of sucrose synthase (SuSy), ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase), starch phosphorylase (SPase), starch branching enzyme (SBE), and soluble starch synthase (SS) in endosperms developed at 12°C were lower than those at 22°C when compared at a similar ripening stage on an endosperm basis, but the activity of granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS) was significantly higher than the corresponding activity in endosperms developing at 22°C. These findings suggest that GBSS might play a crucial role in increasing amylose during low-temperature growth conditions.

AB - The effects of low temperature on amylose contents and activities of key enzymes related to starch biosynthesis in basmati rice (Oryza sativa L.) endosperm were investigated. Low temperature treatment prolonged the grain-filling period from 32 days to 53 days, but had no significant effect on the final grain weight. Results showed that low temperature during grain filling had no significant effect on total starch content but increased the amylose content in the mature endosperm of hulled rice by 21%. The measurable activities of sucrose synthase (SuSy), ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase), starch phosphorylase (SPase), starch branching enzyme (SBE), and soluble starch synthase (SS) in endosperms developed at 12°C were lower than those at 22°C when compared at a similar ripening stage on an endosperm basis, but the activity of granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS) was significantly higher than the corresponding activity in endosperms developing at 22°C. These findings suggest that GBSS might play a crucial role in increasing amylose during low-temperature growth conditions.

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