Effects of light and forest floor conditions on the initial phase of regeneration of Pinus denstiflora Sieb, et Zucc. in pine wilt disease forests

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Abstract

We attempted to induce regeneration by seeding in a red pine forest damaged by pine wilt disease. Two red pine forests, were selected in Okayama Prefecture, one damaged and one not damaged, from which a total of five plots were selected. The rate of seed predation, the processes of emergence and growth, and the survival rate of seedlings of Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. were examined under a range of upper and lower level foliage density and conditions at the forest floor. The ratios of survival to emergence were higher in the damaged forest than in undamaged forest in which upper and lower foliage densities were high, or where the undergrowth had not been cut. Seedling growth was greater in the damaged forest than undamaged one. In terms of forest floor treatments, emergency, survival rate and seedling growth were higher when the litter and organic layer was removed than when the litter and organic layer remained. We believe that pine wilt disease, and the subsequent reduction in foliage density, increases light intensity at the forest floor, and that this supports seedling development, at least in the early growth stage. We conclude that regeneration of forests affected by pine wilt disease is possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Ringakkai Shi/Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society
Volume79
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Pinus
wilt
forest floor
forest litter
Regeneration
regeneration
Light
seedling growth
coniferous forests
survival rate
seedling
foliage
Seedlings
leaves
Pinus densiflora
seed predation
forest regeneration
seedlings
understory
light intensity

Keywords

  • Forest floor condition
  • Pine wilt disease
  • Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc
  • Regeneration
  • Seedling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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title = "Effects of light and forest floor conditions on the initial phase of regeneration of Pinus denstiflora Sieb, et Zucc. in pine wilt disease forests",
abstract = "We attempted to induce regeneration by seeding in a red pine forest damaged by pine wilt disease. Two red pine forests, were selected in Okayama Prefecture, one damaged and one not damaged, from which a total of five plots were selected. The rate of seed predation, the processes of emergence and growth, and the survival rate of seedlings of Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. were examined under a range of upper and lower level foliage density and conditions at the forest floor. The ratios of survival to emergence were higher in the damaged forest than in undamaged forest in which upper and lower foliage densities were high, or where the undergrowth had not been cut. Seedling growth was greater in the damaged forest than undamaged one. In terms of forest floor treatments, emergency, survival rate and seedling growth were higher when the litter and organic layer was removed than when the litter and organic layer remained. We believe that pine wilt disease, and the subsequent reduction in foliage density, increases light intensity at the forest floor, and that this supports seedling development, at least in the early growth stage. We conclude that regeneration of forests affected by pine wilt disease is possible.",
keywords = "Forest floor condition, Pine wilt disease, Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc, Regeneration, Seedling",
author = "Yoshiaki Iwasaki and Keiji Sakamoto and Ken Yoshikawa and K. Chiba",
year = "1997",
language = "English",
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pages = "29--36",
journal = "THE JOURNAL of THE JAPANESE FORESTRY SOCIETY",
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T1 - Effects of light and forest floor conditions on the initial phase of regeneration of Pinus denstiflora Sieb, et Zucc. in pine wilt disease forests

AU - Iwasaki, Yoshiaki

AU - Sakamoto, Keiji

AU - Yoshikawa, Ken

AU - Chiba, K.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - We attempted to induce regeneration by seeding in a red pine forest damaged by pine wilt disease. Two red pine forests, were selected in Okayama Prefecture, one damaged and one not damaged, from which a total of five plots were selected. The rate of seed predation, the processes of emergence and growth, and the survival rate of seedlings of Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. were examined under a range of upper and lower level foliage density and conditions at the forest floor. The ratios of survival to emergence were higher in the damaged forest than in undamaged forest in which upper and lower foliage densities were high, or where the undergrowth had not been cut. Seedling growth was greater in the damaged forest than undamaged one. In terms of forest floor treatments, emergency, survival rate and seedling growth were higher when the litter and organic layer was removed than when the litter and organic layer remained. We believe that pine wilt disease, and the subsequent reduction in foliage density, increases light intensity at the forest floor, and that this supports seedling development, at least in the early growth stage. We conclude that regeneration of forests affected by pine wilt disease is possible.

AB - We attempted to induce regeneration by seeding in a red pine forest damaged by pine wilt disease. Two red pine forests, were selected in Okayama Prefecture, one damaged and one not damaged, from which a total of five plots were selected. The rate of seed predation, the processes of emergence and growth, and the survival rate of seedlings of Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. were examined under a range of upper and lower level foliage density and conditions at the forest floor. The ratios of survival to emergence were higher in the damaged forest than in undamaged forest in which upper and lower foliage densities were high, or where the undergrowth had not been cut. Seedling growth was greater in the damaged forest than undamaged one. In terms of forest floor treatments, emergency, survival rate and seedling growth were higher when the litter and organic layer was removed than when the litter and organic layer remained. We believe that pine wilt disease, and the subsequent reduction in foliage density, increases light intensity at the forest floor, and that this supports seedling development, at least in the early growth stage. We conclude that regeneration of forests affected by pine wilt disease is possible.

KW - Forest floor condition

KW - Pine wilt disease

KW - Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc

KW - Regeneration

KW - Seedling

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