Effects of grinding and firing conditions on CaAl2Si2O8 phase formation by solid-state reaction of kaolinite with CaCO3

Kiyoshi Okada, Nagisa Watanabe, Kumar V. Jha, Yoshikazu Kameshima, Atsuo Yasumori, Kenneth J.D. MacKenzie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of grinding and firing conditions on CaAl2Si2O8 phase formation by solid-state reaction of kaolinite with CaCO3 were investigated by differential thermal analysis (DTA)-thermogravimetry (TG), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and 29Si and 27Al MAS NMR. Unground and ground samples showed similar crystallization behavior at about 850 °C, and the crystallizing temperature was relatively unaffected by grinding. On the other hand, the crystalline products were strongly influenced by the grinding. Gehlenite (Ca2Al2SiO7) was the dominant phase in the unground samples but layer-structured CaAl2Si2O8 was dominant in the ground samples, together with a small amount of anorthite, which is the stable phase. The amount of anorthite gradually increased with higher firing temperature, the sample fired at 1000 °C being almost completely anorthite. Grinding treatment before firing was effective in accelerating the decomposition of CaCO3 and extending the temperature range for the formation of CaAl2Si2O8, a phase with local structure similar to that of layered CaAl2Si2O8.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume23
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CaAlSiO
  • CaCO
  • Kaolinite
  • Layered structure
  • Solid-state reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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