Effects of fetal calf serum in culture medium on development of bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro

J. M. Lim, O. Okitsu, K. Okuda, K. Niwa

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48 Citations (Scopus)


Bovine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro were cultured in a chemically defined bovine embryo culture medium (BECM) or polyvinylalcohol (PVA)-free BECM supplemented with 10% heat-treated or unheated fetal calf serum (FCS). When PVA in BECM was replaced with FCS 8 h postinsemination, the proportion of ≥-cell-stage embryos 48 h postinsemination was significantly lower in heat-treated FCS (74%) than in PVA (91%) medium, but the value (84%) in unheated FCS was not different from the values in PVA and heat-treated FCS. However, the addition of either heat-treated FCS or unheated FCS to PVA-free BECM did not depress or increase the proportions (63 to 70%) of ≥-cell-stage embryos 96 h postinsemination and stimulated blastocyst formation 144 (21 to 28%) and 192 (47 to 54%) h postinsemination. Blastocyst formation was also stimulated when heattreated FCS or unheated FCS was added to PVA-free BECM 120 h postinsemination. The mean cell number of blastocysts developed in PVA-free BECM with heat-treated FCS (150 cells) or unheated FCS (152 cells) significantly increased compared with that (119 cells) developed without FCS. These results indicate that, although BECM can support bovine embryo development, a high proportion (about 50%) of morphologically normal blastocysts can be produced from oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro when they are cultured in PVA-free BECM containing FCS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1098
Number of pages8
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1994


  • bovine
  • embryos
  • fetal calf serum
  • preimplantation development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine


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