Background: Hip endoprosthesis is one option for the treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures and avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Few reports are available describing acetabular cartilage metabolism after endoprosthesis surgery of the hip. The purpose of this study was to compare the biological effects on cartilage between cobalt-chrome (Co-Cr) and alumina ceramic heads wherein the cartilage articulates directly. Methods: We used the acetabular cartilage from six hips of three immature crossbred pigs to examine the effects on cytokines, the amount of hyaluronic acid (HA), and cartilage mRNA expression of ceramic head and Co-Cr head endoprosthesis. Mechanical loading of materials of Co-Cr and ceramic heads was performed on the acetabular cartilage in culture media as an organ culture model. Thereafter, protein levels of cytokines (MMP-1, 3, TNF-alpha (α), Interleukin (IL)-1 alpha (α), and IL-1 beta (β)) and the amount of HA were measured from the culture media. Cartilage RNA extraction was performed, and quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was performed with primer sets for type I, II, and III collagens; aggrecan; MMP-1, 3, 13; TNF-α; and IL-1 α, IL-1 β. Results: Protein level of IL-1 β and amount of HA in the Co-Cr group were significantly higher than those of the Ceramic group. Type II collagen mRNA expression in the Ceramic group was significantly higher than in the Co-Cr group. IL-1 β mRNA expression was significantly higher in the Co-Cr group than in the Ceramic group. Conclusions: The present study showed that ceramic bipolar produces smaller adverse effects on cartilage cells compared to Co-Cr bipolar. These results could have significant implications for implant usage not only in hip joints, but also in other joints, including the shoulder, talus and radial head.
- Acetabular cartilage metabolism
- Alumina ceramic
- Hip end-prosthesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas