Effects of different serum supplements in maturation medium on meiotic and cytoplasmic maturation of pig oocytes

H. Funahashi, B. N. Day

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The temporal progression of meiotic and cytoplasmic maturation of pig oocytes cultured in a medium supplemented with 0.4% polyvinylalcohol (PVA), 10% fetal calf serum (FCS), 10% newborn piglet serum (NPS), 10% porcine follicular fluid (PFF) or 10% porcine seminal fluid (PSF) was examined after 20, 30, 40 and 50 hours of culture. There were no differences in germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) among FCS and NPS supplements. After 20 hours of culture, the frequency for GVBD was higher (P < 0.05) in FCS and NPS (54% and 52%, respectively) than in PVA (32%) and PFF (33%) culture media but were not different at 40 and 50 hours of culture. Supplementation with PSF resulted in a rapid chromosome condensation of pig oocytes after 20 hours culture, but all GVBD oocytes stopped developing at the condensed germinal vesicle stage. Oocytes were not penetrated by spermatozoa when inseminated following 20 hours of culture, while high penetration (87 to 100%) and polyspermy rates (86 to 100%) were consistently obtained in all the supplement groups when inseminated after 30, 40 or 50 hours of culture. Male pronuclear formation rates at 10 to 12 hours after insemination, following a 50-hour culture period in FCS and NPS, were 28 and 28%, respectively, in comparison with 54% in PVA and 59% in PFF. The results indicate that supplementing maturation media with serum such as FCS and NPS reduced the ability of pig oocytes to form a male pronucleus, and further suggest that the detrimental effects may be due to accelerated progression of maturation events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-973
Number of pages9
JournalTheriogenology
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cytoplasmic maturation
  • oocyte
  • pig
  • serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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