The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of unilateral diaphragm plication for phrenic nerve paralysis on the respiratory mechanics and diaphragm function. Study 1: We performed thoracotomy (BASELINE), left phrenicotomy (INJURY) and left diaphragm plication (PLICATION) in ten dogs. After chest was closed in each condition, measured were the tidal volume (TV), respiratory rate (f), esophageal and gastric pressure swing (delta Pes, delta Pga), dynamic compliance (Cdyn) the ratio of gastric to esophageal pressure swing (delta Pga/delta Pes) and the work of breathing per liter (WOB/L) under stable spontaneous breathing. Study 2: In eight other left-phrenicotomized dogs, Pdi and fractional shortening of the costal diaphragm during contralateral electrophrenic stimulation were measured before and after plication. After plication TV, delta Pga/delta Pes, Cdyn, Pdi and fractional shortening during stimulation increased significantly, whereas Pes and WOB/L decreased significantly compared with INJURY condition. In conclusion unilateral diaphragm plication after paralysis improves the intact hemidiaphragm contractility and diaphragmatic contribution to breathing.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas