Effects of diapause and cold-acclimation on the avoidance of freezing injury in fat body tissue of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis Walker

Yohei Izumi, Shoji Sonoda, Hisaaki Tsumuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Overwintering freeze-tolerant larvae of Chilo suppressalis can survive at -25 °C, but non-diapausing larvae cannot. We reported earlier that to prevent intracellular freezing, which causes death in overwintering larvae of the Saigoku ecotype distributed in southwestern Japan, water leaves and glycerol enters fat body cells through water channels during freezing. However, it is still unclear how diapause and low-temperature exposure are related to the acquisition of freeze tolerance. We compared the extent of tissue damage, accumulation of glycerol, and transport of glycerol and water in fat body tissues between cold-acclimated and non-acclimated non-diapausing and diapausing larvae. The tissue from cold-acclimated diapausing larvae could survive only when frozen in Grace's insect medium with 0.25 M glycerol at -20 °C. The protection provided by glycerol was offset by mercuric chloride, which is a water-channel inhibitor. Fat body tissue isolated from non-acclimated diapausing larvae was injured by freezing even though glycerol was added to the medium, but the level of freezing injury was significantly lower than in non-diapausing larvae. Radiotracer assays in cold-acclimated diapausing larvae showed that during freezing, water left the cells into the medium and glycerol entered the cells from the medium at the same time. Therefore, in Saigoku ecotype larvae of the rice stem borer, both diapause and cold-acclimation are essential to accumulate glycerol and activate aquaporin for the avoidance of freezing injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)685-690
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Volume53
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007

Keywords

  • Chilo suppressalis
  • Cold-acclimation
  • Diapause
  • Freeze tolerance
  • Glycerol
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Insect Science

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