Effects of defective interfering RNA on symptom induction by, and replication of, a novel partitivirus from a phytopathogenic fungus, Rosellinia necatrix

Sotaro Chiba, Yu Hsin Lin, Hideki Kondo, Satoko Kanematsu, Nobuhiro Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel mycovirus termed Rosellinia necatrix partitivirus 2 (RnPV2), isolated from a phytopathogenic fungus, Rosellinina necatrix strain W57, was molecularly and biologically characterized in both natural and experimental host fungi. Three doublestranded RNA (dsRNA) segments, dsRNA1, dsRNA2, and defective interfering dsRNA1 (DI-dsRNA1), whose sizes were approximately 2.0, 1.8, and 1.7 kbp, respectively, were detected in W57. While the dsRNA2 sequence, encoding the coat protein, was reported previously, dsRNA1 and DI-dsRNA1 were shown to encode competent and defective (truncated) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, respectively. Artificial introduction of RnPV2 into an RNA silencing-defective, Dicer-like 2 knockout mutant ({rectangle opendcl-2) of a nonnatural host, Cryphonectria parasitica (chestnut blight fungus), resulted in successful infection by the DI-dsRNA1-carrying and -free RnPV2. The DI-dsRNA1-free RnPV2 strain was characterized by a higher ratio of accumulation of the intact dsRNA1 to dsRNA2, enhanced replication and severer symptom expression, compared with the DI-carrying strain. These findings confirmed the nature of DI-dsRNA1 as a DI-RNA. Both viral strains replicated to higher levels in a {rectangle opendcl-2 mutant than in a wild-type C. parasitica fungal strain (EP155) and induced severe symptoms in the {rectangle opendcl-2 mutant but subtle symptoms in EP155, indicating that the host RNA silencing targets the partitivirus. No obvious phenotypic effects of infection by either virus strain were detected in the natural host fungus. These combined results represent the first example of a partitivirus with DI-RNA that alters viral symptom induction in a host-dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2330-2341
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Fingerprint

Partitivirus
Rosellinia necatrix
plant pathogenic fungi
Fungi
RNA
Cryphonectria parasitica
RNA Interference
RNA interference
RNA Replicase
fungi
Viral RNA
Capsid Proteins
RNA-directed RNA polymerase
Virus Diseases
mutants
knockout mutants
coat proteins
infection
Infection
viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

Effects of defective interfering RNA on symptom induction by, and replication of, a novel partitivirus from a phytopathogenic fungus, Rosellinia necatrix. / Chiba, Sotaro; Lin, Yu Hsin; Kondo, Hideki; Kanematsu, Satoko; Suzuki, Nobuhiro.

In: Journal of Virology, Vol. 87, No. 4, 02.2013, p. 2330-2341.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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