Background: Cyclooxygenase inhibition restores endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in hypertension, but it is unknown whether it restores endothelial function in hypertensive patients treated with angiotensin- converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Hypothesis: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cyclooxygenase inhibition on endothelial function in hypertensive patients treated with ACE inhibitors. Methods: Endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and endothelium-independent glyceryl trinitrate-induced dilatation were investigated in 10 patients treated with enalapril (ACE group), 11 patients treated with manidipine and metoprolol (non-ACE group), and 12 normotensive control subjects. After administration of 1000 mg of aspirin, FMD was investigated once again. Plasma cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and eicosanoids were also measured during reactive hyperemia before and after aspirin administration. Results: Flow-mediated dilatation was more impaired in the non-ACE group than in the ACE group (8.3 ± 3.8%, 5.7 ± 1.7%, respectively, p<0.04). Glyceryl trinitrate-induced dilatation was similar in the ACE group, the non-ACE group, and in the control subjects. In the ACE group, FMD was reduced after administration of aspirin (5.3 ± 4.2%, p<0.05). The percent change in FMD after administration of aspirin correlated significantly with percent change in cGMP (r = 0.77, p<0.03; y-intercept, -62.1%, p<0.01). After aspirin administration, levels of thromboxane B2 and 6-keto- prostaglandin1α were significantly decreased compared with those before aspirin administration in all groups. Conclusions: Cyclooxygenase inhibition may reduce the beneficial effect on endothelium-dependent vasodilatation induced by ACE inhibitors. The results suggested that prostacyclin in addition to nitric oxide plays a significant role in the restoration of endothelial function in hypertensive patients treated with ACE inhibitors.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
- Endothelial function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine