TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of compressive stress on the electronic states and atomic configurations of the Pt-H2 defect in silicon

AU - Kamiura, Yoichi

AU - Sato, Kimihiro

AU - Yamashita, Yoshifumi

AU - Ishiyama, Takeshi

N1 - Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (No. 15340099) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.

PY - 2006/10/15

Y1 - 2006/10/15

N2 - We review our recent results and analyses of the effects of uniaxial compressive stress on the electronic states and atomic configurations of a platinum-dihydrogen (Pt-H2) defect in Si, and discuss the results on the basis of the structural model that we proposed. We applied a technique of isothermal deep-level transient spectroscopy (IT-DLTS), combined with the application of uniaxial compressive stress. Our experiments showed that 〈1 1 1〉 and 〈1 0 0〉 stresses split the IT-DLTS peak of the Pt-H2 defect into two components, and a 〈1 1 0〉 stress split it into three components. Such a splitting pattern and the observed intensity ratios of split components uniquely determined that the defect had C2v symmetry, on which our structural model was based. We found that the electronic levels corresponding to split components varied linearly with 〈1 1 1〉 stress. Subtracting the stress shift of the conduction band minima, we have obtained 36 ± 4 meV/GPa as a net increase in energy for the level with the higher energy with respect to the applied stress. This result strongly suggests that compressive stress raises the energy of the Pt-H2 level, indicating its antibonding character. We observed that the Pt-H2 defect was aligned above 80 K under uniaxial stress to the configuration with the higher electronic level. This indicates that the stress-induced increase of level energy was overcome by the energy gain due to electronic bonding and atomic relaxation, resulting in the decrease of the total energy of the Pt-H2 defect system. We found that the intensity ratio of split components of the IT-DLTS peak was described by a Boltzmann factor, where the activation energy is proportional to the magnitude of the applied stress up to 0.4 GPa with a proportional factor, 49 meV/GPa, from which we determined an element A3 of the piezospectroscopic tensor to be -37 meV/GPa.

AB - We review our recent results and analyses of the effects of uniaxial compressive stress on the electronic states and atomic configurations of a platinum-dihydrogen (Pt-H2) defect in Si, and discuss the results on the basis of the structural model that we proposed. We applied a technique of isothermal deep-level transient spectroscopy (IT-DLTS), combined with the application of uniaxial compressive stress. Our experiments showed that 〈1 1 1〉 and 〈1 0 0〉 stresses split the IT-DLTS peak of the Pt-H2 defect into two components, and a 〈1 1 0〉 stress split it into three components. Such a splitting pattern and the observed intensity ratios of split components uniquely determined that the defect had C2v symmetry, on which our structural model was based. We found that the electronic levels corresponding to split components varied linearly with 〈1 1 1〉 stress. Subtracting the stress shift of the conduction band minima, we have obtained 36 ± 4 meV/GPa as a net increase in energy for the level with the higher energy with respect to the applied stress. This result strongly suggests that compressive stress raises the energy of the Pt-H2 level, indicating its antibonding character. We observed that the Pt-H2 defect was aligned above 80 K under uniaxial stress to the configuration with the higher electronic level. This indicates that the stress-induced increase of level energy was overcome by the energy gain due to electronic bonding and atomic relaxation, resulting in the decrease of the total energy of the Pt-H2 defect system. We found that the intensity ratio of split components of the IT-DLTS peak was described by a Boltzmann factor, where the activation energy is proportional to the magnitude of the applied stress up to 0.4 GPa with a proportional factor, 49 meV/GPa, from which we determined an element A3 of the piezospectroscopic tensor to be -37 meV/GPa.

KW - Atomic configuration

KW - DLTS

KW - Electronic level

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Platinum

KW - Silicon

KW - Stress

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U2 - 10.1016/j.mseb.2006.06.037

DO - 10.1016/j.mseb.2006.06.037

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33750360253

VL - 134

SP - 213

EP - 217

JO - Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology

JF - Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology

SN - 0921-5107

IS - 2-3 SPEC. ISS.

ER -