No appropriate pharmaceutical therapy has been established for dyslipidemia with cholestasis in progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC)-1. We evaluated the efficacy of bezafibrate in PFIC-1. We monitored the clinical presentation and lipoprotein metabolism of 3 patients, aged 3, 4, and 8 years, with FIC1 deficiency, manifesting PFIC-1, over 12 months of bezafibrate therapy. Pruritus was substantially alleviated in the 3 patients after initiation of bezafibrate. Cholestasis was alleviated in 2 of them. Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased 1.6- to 2.0-fold and 1.1- to 1.2-fold, respectively; but the values remained low and normal, respectively. Serum lipoprotein X, which was at normal levels before treatment, was elevated to levels above the upper limit of the reference range. High serum triglyceride levels decreased by 15% to 30%, to normal levels, after treatment initiation. The activities of lipoprotein lipase and hepatic triglyceride lipase were increased, but those of high-density lipoprotein regulators remained unchanged. Liver expression of multidrug resistance protein-3, which regulates lipoprotein X synthesis, was enhanced by bezafibrate therapy. Bezafibrate treatment favorably affected pruritus, dyslipidemia, and cholestasis in PFIC-1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism