Effects of antioxidant and nitric oxide on chemokine production in TNF-α-stimulated human dermal microvascular endothelial cells

Mi Zu Jlang, Hirokazu Tsukahara, Yusei Ohshima, Shuko Sato, Yukiko Todoroki, Masahiro Hiraoka, Mitsufumi Mayumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemokines have been implicated convincingly in the driving of leukocyte emigration in different inflammatory reactions. Multiple signaling mechanisms are reported to be involved in intracellular activation of chemokine expression in vascular endothelial cells by various stimuli. Nevertheless, redox-regulated mechanisms of chemokine expression in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMEC) remain unclear. This study examined the effects of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC, 0.1 mM) and spermine NONOate (Sper-NO, 1 mM) on the secretion and gene expression of chemokines, interleukin (IL)-8, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, regulated upon activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), and eotaxin. This study also addresses PDTC and Sper-NO effects on activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) induced by TNF-α (10 ng/ml). Treatment with TNF-α for 8 h significantly increased secretion of IL-8, MCP-1, and RANTES, but not of eotaxin, in cultured HDMEC. Up-regulation of these chemokines was suppressed significantly by pretreatment with PDTC or Sper-NO for 1 h, but not by 1 mM 8-bromo-cyclic GMP. The mRNA accumulation of IL-8, MCP-1, RANTES, and eotaxin, and activation of NF-κB were induced by TNF-α for 2h; all were suppressed significantly by the above two pretreatments. These findings indicate that both secretion and mRNA accumulation of IL-8, MCP-1, and RANTES in HDMEC induced by TNF-α are inhibited significantly by pretreatment with PDTC or Sper-NO, possibly via blocking redox-regulated NF-κB activation. These results suggest that restoration of the redox balance using antioxidant agents or nitric oxide pathway modulators may offer new opportunities for therapeutic interventions in inflammatory skin diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-480
Number of pages8
JournalFree Radical Research
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Chemokines
  • Endothelial activation
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nuclear factor kappa B
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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