The present study set out to investigate whether plasma phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide (PCOOH) levels could accurately reflect lipid peroxidation linking to liver damage due to ischemia-reperfusion. PCOOH is a primary peroxidative product of phosphatidylcholine (PC), which is the most important functional lipid in the hepatocellular membrane, and may mediate oxidative stress. We quantified PCOOH and PC in the plasma and liver of rats subjected to hepatic ischemia-reperfusion by chemiluminescence detecting HPLC (CL-HPLC) method. Plasma PCOOH levels showed no significant rise in either the ischemia only group or in the sham-operation group, compared to controls (0.7 nmol/mL plasma). At 60 min subsequent to reperfusion, the PCOOH levels in plasma and liver, as well as the levels of several serum markers of liver injury [lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (GOT), glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT)] increased in proportion to the duration of ischemia (up to 60 min). During periods of reperfusion following 30 min of ischemia, plasma PCOOH increased biphasically (2 nmol/mL; 12-24 hr duration of reperfusion), and generally ran parallel to that in the liver after more than 60 min of reperfusion. Dose-dependent protective effects against warm ischemia (30 min)-reperfusion (12 hr) injury were clearly demonstrated in the groups treated with allopurinol, diclofenac Na, ascorbic acid (V.C), α-tocopherol and coenzyme Q10, but not in those treated with 4-h-superoxide dismutase or betamethasone. The rises in plasma PCOOH and serum GOT, GPT and LDH of the ischemia-reperfused rats were ameliorated most in the group pretreated with diclofenac Na, and next most in the group pretreated with V.C. These results indicate that the plasma PCOOH levels are a useful index both for liver cell damage induced by oxygen free radicals generated during ischemia-reperfusion, and to investigate the efficacy of drugs against oxidative stress.
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