Effects of a Novel Palatinose Based Enteral Formula (MHN-01) Carbohydrate-Adjusted Fluid Diet in Improving the Metabolism of Carbohydrates and Lipids in Patients with Esophageal Cancer Complicated by Diabetes Mellitus

Toshiya Fujiwara, Yoshio Naomoto, Takayuki Motoki, Kaori Shigemitsu, Yasuhiro Shirakawa, Tomoki Yamatsuji, Masafumi Kataoka, Minoru Haisa, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Maritoki Egi, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Motohiko Hanazaki, Hiroshi Katayama, Kiyoshi Morita, Kenji Mizumoto, Takanobu Asou, Hirofumi Arima, Hajime Sasaki, Motoi Matsuura, Mehmet GunduzNoriaki Tanaka

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: During perioperative management of patients with gastrointestinal cancer complicated by diabetes mellitus, adequate alimentation is required, but we often face difficulties associated with hyperglycemia and other accompanying complications. Recently, we investigated the effects of a novel palatinose based enteral formula (MHN-01) in suppressing post-prandial hyperglycemia and improving lipid metabolism in experimental animals and perioperative management of patients with esophageal cancer complicated by diabetes mellitus. Materials and methods: We gave normal rats and rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus a single oral dose of fluid diet, and analyzed comparatively the time course of blood glucose level in each group until 3 h after the dose. In both the normal rat group and the type 2 diabetes group, peak blood glucose level after the MHN-01 dose was significantly lower than after a dose of ordinary fluid diet and was comparable to the peak level after a dose of a fluid diet rich in MUFA (monounsaturated fatty acid). We allowed normal mice free access to fluid diet for 43 days, and measured their body fat levels. Fat accumulation was significantly lower in mice given MHN-01 than in mice given ordinary fluid diet. We also analyzed the respiratory quotient and resting energy expenditure of normal Sprague-Dawley rats fed by MHN-01 or an ordinary fluid diet. The respiratory quotient of the MHN-01 group was significantly lower than the ordinary fluid group, although the resting energy expenditure of both groups was almost the same level. The effect of MHN-01 was estimated to be based on improvement of lipid metabolism. Results: Between 2003 and 2005, among 164 patients who underwent radical thoracic esophagectomy and/or reconstruction for esophageal carcinoma at Okayama University Hospital, nine patients (5.5%) were diagnosed with diabetes mellitus in pre-operative screening and were treated with MHN-01. Clinical courses of two cases with severe status of diabetes mellitus were presented as successful case reports of MHN-01. Conclusion: MHN-01 was very useful in perioperative management of patients complicated by diabetes mellitus, unable to ingest food p.o. such as esophageal cancer or other diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-240
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume138
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • MHN-01
  • diabetes
  • esophageal cancer
  • perioperative hyperglycemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Fujiwara, T., Naomoto, Y., Motoki, T., Shigemitsu, K., Shirakawa, Y., Yamatsuji, T., Kataoka, M., Haisa, M., Fujiwara, T., Egi, M., Morimatsu, H., Hanazaki, M., Katayama, H., Morita, K., Mizumoto, K., Asou, T., Arima, H., Sasaki, H., Matsuura, M., ... Tanaka, N. (2007). Effects of a Novel Palatinose Based Enteral Formula (MHN-01) Carbohydrate-Adjusted Fluid Diet in Improving the Metabolism of Carbohydrates and Lipids in Patients with Esophageal Cancer Complicated by Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Surgical Research, 138(2), 231-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2006.06.025