The effects of a highly toxic coplanar polychlorinated biphenyl, 3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PenCB), on triose phosphate metabolizing enzymes were studied. Male Wistar rats received 25 mg/kg PenCB, i.p. At this dose the compound provokes a wasting syndrome. The activity of triose phosphate metabolizing enzymes, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, triose phosphate isomerase, glycerokinase, transaldolase and transketolase were significantly reduced by PenCB treatment to 50%, 60%, 50%, 70% and 40% of free-fed controls, respectively. An inhibition study with pyrazol, a specific inhibitor of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), showed that ADH makes about a 30% contribution to the formation of glycerol-3-phosphate from glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. Our current study revealed that PenCB suppresses ADH at the protein expression level. The reduced formation of glycerol-3-phosphate from glyceraldehyde dehydrogenase by PenCB could be due to the suppression of ADH. The triose phosphate content in the liver cytosol of PenCB-treated rats was significantly lower than in free-fed controls. The suppression of triose phosphate metabolism could be a cause of the wasting syndrome provoked by highly toxic coplanar PCB.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Fukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica|
|Publication status||Published - May 2001|
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