Both 2α- and 2β-hydroxypropyl substituted 14-epi-1α,25-dihydroxy-19-nortachysterols were synthesized to study the human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) binding affinity, binding configurations, and interactions with amino acid residues in the ligand binding domain of hVDR by X-ray co-crystallographic analysis. In conjunction with our previous results on 14-epi-19-nortachysterol, 2-methylidene-, 2α-methyl-, 2β-methyl, and 2α-hydroxypropoxy-14-epi-19-nortachysterol, we propose a variety of effects of substitution at the C2 position in the 14-epi-19-nortachysterol skeleton on biological activities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry