Background: Only a few reports have assessed the effectiveness of endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with obstructive jaundice and liver dysfunction. Methods: This was a retrospective study based on the clinical databases from the Okayama University Hospital and 10 affiliated hospitals. All patients received EBD for jaundice or liver dysfunction. The indication for EBD was aggravation of jaundice or liver dysfunction with intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) dilation. The technical and clinical success rate, complications, factors associated with clinical failure, and survival duration were evaluated. Results: A total of 107 patients were enrolled in this study. Technical success was achieved in 105 of 107 patients (98.1%). Clinical success was achieved in 85 of 105 patients (81%). Complications related to endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) occurred in 3 (2.8%) patients. Child–Pugh class C (odds ratio 3.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.47–10.4, p = 0.0046) was the only factor associated with clinical failure, irrespective of successful drainage. The median survival duration was significantly longer in patients with clinical success than in those without clinical success (5.0 months vs. 0.93 months; hazard ratio [HR] 3.2, 95% CI 1.87–5.37). HCC Stage I/II/III (HR 0.57, CI 0.34–0.95, p = 0.032), absence of portal thrombosis (HR 0.52, CI 0.32–0.85, p = 0.0099), and clinical success (HR 0.39, CI 0.21–0.70, p = 0.0018) were significant factors associated with a long survival. Conclusions: EBD for obstructive jaundice and liver dysfunction in patients with HCC can be performed safely with a high technical success rate. Clinical success can improve the survival duration, even in patients expected to have a poor prognosis. Trial registration: Retrospectively registered.
- Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
- Hepatocellular carcinoma
- Liver dysfunction
ASJC Scopus subject areas