Peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) are a predominant graft source in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Citrate-induced hypocalcemia remains the most frequent side effect of PBPC apheresis. Although the method for preventing severe adverse events is established, more efficient prophylaxis is required so that volunteer donors can donate PBPCs without pain and anxiety. We studied 80 healthy donors who underwent PBPC harvest between February 2014 and June 2020. Of these, 23 donors who underwent apheresis between February 2014 and December 2015 received only the standard prophylaxis of intravenous calcium gluconate. Oral calcium drinks were provided to 57 donors who underwent apheresis from January 2016 to June 2020 to supplement intravenous calcium gluconate prophylaxis. The ionized calcium (ICa) levels at multiple time intervals and the hypocalcemic symptoms were evaluated. Oral supplementation with a calcium drink maintained significantly higher ICa levels. Analysis using the inverse probability weighted regression adjustment method suggested that calcium drinks reduced the frequency of citrate-related reactions by 39.2 %. Administering a prophylactic oral calcium drink before apheresis with intravenous administration of calcium gluconate is promising to further reduce citrate-induced hypocalcemia in volunteer donors.
- Allogeneic peripheral blood progenitor cell harvest
- Citrate-related adverse effect
- Ionized calcium
- Oral calcium drink
ASJC Scopus subject areas