Effectiveness of presurgical nasoalveolar molding therapy on unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity

Nao Kinouchi, Shinya Horiuchi, Akihiro Yasue, Yuko Kuroda, Nobuhiko Kawai, Keiichiro Watanabe, Takashi Izawa, Ichiro Hashimoto, Ali H. Hassan, Eiji Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of pre-surgical nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) in patients with unilateral cleft lip nasal deformities. Methods: This was a retrospective study involving 29 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate defects, of whom 13 were treated with palatal devices with nasal stents (PNAM group) and 16 were treated with palatal devices without nasal stents or surgical tapes (control group). Submental oblique photographs and orthodontic models were longitudinally obtained at the initial visit (T1) and immediately before (T2) and after cheiloplasty (T3). Asymmetry of the external nose, degree of columellar shifting, nasal tip/ala nose ratio, nasal base angle, interalveolar gap, and the sagittal difference in the alveolar gap were measured. The study was conducted in the Orthodontic Clinic at Tokushima University Hospital, Tokushima, Japan between 1997 and 2012. Results: At T1, there were no significant intergroup differences in the first 4 asymmetry parameters. At T2, the PNAM group showed a significant improvement in all values compared to the control group. At T3, the PNAM group showed significant improvement in nasal asymmetry and columellar shifting. Model analysis showed significantly greater changes in the inter-alveolar gap and the sagittal difference of the alveolar cleft gap from T1 to T2 in the PNAM group. Conclusion: The use of PNAM is indispensable for pre-surgical orthodontic treatment at the early postnatal age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-178
Number of pages10
JournalSaudi Medical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cleft lip
  • Nasal deformity
  • Nasoalveolar molding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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