Effectiveness of early exercise on reducing skeletal muscle loss during preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy for esophageal cancer

Tomohiro Ikeda, Kazuhiro Noma, Naoaki Maeda, Shunsuke Tanabe, Yoko Sakamoto, Yoshimi Katayama, Yasuhiro Shirakawa, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Masuo Senda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate if early exercise can help prevent skeletal muscle loss and improve the clinical outcomes of esophageal cancer patients receiving preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective observational cohort study of 110 patients with advanced esophageal cancer. We analyzed the effect of early exercise on the risk of skeletal muscle loss (defined as > 2.98%) during NAC and the subsequent clinical outcomes. Patients in the early exercise group (n = 71) started exercise therapy 8 days earlier than those the late exercise group (n = 39). Results: The median age of the patients was 65.4 years, the mean BMI was 21.1 kg/m2, and 92 (84%) of the 110 patients were men. Skeletal muscle loss occurred in 34% and 67% of the early and late exercise groups, respectively (p < 0.001). There was a lower risk of surgical site infection in the early exercise group (1% vs 16%, p = 0.021). Multivariate analysis revealed that early exercise reduced the risk of skeletal muscle loss (OR = 0.25, 95% CI 0.09–0.65, p = 0.006). Conclusions: Our results suggest that early exercise reduces the risk of both skeletal muscle loss during NAC and subsequent surgical site infection in patients with esophageal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgery today
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Esophagus
  • Exercise
  • Neoadjuvant therapy
  • Skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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