Effect of trehalose coating on basic fibroblast growth factor release from tailor-made bone implants

Sungjin Choi, Jongil Lee, Kazuyo Igawa, Shigeki Suzuki, Manabu Mochizuki, Ryohei Nishimura, Ung il Chung, Nobuo Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Artificial bone implants are often incorporated with osteoinductive factors to facilitate early bone regeneration. Calcium phosphate, the main component in artificial bone implants, strongly binds these factors, and in a few cases, the incorporated proteins are not released from the implant under conditions of physiological pH, thereby leading to reduction in their osteoinductivity. In this study, we coated tailor-made bone implants with trehalose to facilitate the release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). In an in vitro study, mouse osteoblastic cells were separately cultured for 48 hr in a medium with a untreated implant (T-), trehalose-coated implant (T+), bFGF-incorporated implant (FT-), and bFGF-incorporated implant with trehalose coating (FT+). In the FT+ group, cell viability was significantly higher than that in the other groups (P<0.05). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed that trehalose effectively covered the surface of the artificial bone implant without affecting the crystallinity or the mechanical strength of the artificial bone implant. These results suggest that coating artificial bone implants with trehalose could limit the binding of bFGF to calcium phosphate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1547-1552
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Volume73
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Artificial bone implant
  • In vitro
  • Trehalose
  • bFGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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