Effect of successful late reperfusion by primary coronary angioplasty on mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction

Daisaku Nakatani, Hiroshi Sato, Kunihiro Kinjo, Hiroya Mizuno, Eiji Hishida, Atsushi Hirayama, Masayoshi Mishima, Hiroshi Ito, Yasushi Matsumura, Masatsugu Hori

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been suggested that early treatment decreases, but late treatment increases, the risk of mechanical complications for a thrombolytic strategy. However, few studies have evaluated whether late reperfusion (LR) by primary coronary angioplasty decreases the risk of mechanical complications. A total of 2,209 patients with acute myocardial infarction treated with primary coronary angioplasty within 24 hours after the onset of symptoms were divided into 3 groups: early reperfusion (ER; ≤12 hours, n = 1,647), LR (>12 hours, n = 219), and failed reperfusion (FR; n = 343). We evaluated the incidence, risk ratio, and predictors of mechanical complications. The overall incidence of mechanical complications was 2.0%. The incidence of mechanical complications was highest in the FR group (ER 1.4%, LR 1.8%, FR 5.0%; p <0.01). After adjusting for clinical variables, the risk ratio for mechanical complications increased in the FR group compared with the LR group (risk ratio 7.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02 to 52.80; p = 0.04). Predictors of an increased risk of mechanical complications by multivariate analysis were age ≥70 years (odds ratio [OR] 3.68, 95% CI 1.56 to 8.64; p <0.01), Killip class ≥II (OR 3.73, 95% CI 1.53 to 9.12; p <0.01), absence of collateral vessels (OR 4.09, 95% CI 1.17 to 14.26; p = 0.03), and FR (OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.09 to 6.61; p = 0.03). In conclusion, successful LR by primary coronary angioplasty is associated with the reduced risk of mechanical complications in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-788
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume92
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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