The ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of polypeptide A1 of cholera toxin and that of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) are primarily responsible for the toxic activities of these toxins. Since the amino acid sequences of the two A1 polypeptides are very similar, their functional mechanisms are considered to be the same. Arg-146 of polypeptide A1 is thought to be involved in the active site, because this amino acid of cholera toxin has been identified as the site of self-ADP-ribosylation. However, the exact role of Arg-146 and the significance of self-ADP-ribosylation in toxicity remain unclear. We substituted Arg-146 of polypeptide A1 of LT with Gly oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis and examined the biological property of the resultant mutant LT. The substitution changed the mobility of subunit A on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel but did not reduce the vascular permeability activity of LT. This result indicates that Arg-146 is not absolutely required for toxic activity and that LT can express its toxic activity without self-ADP-ribosylation at Arg-146.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology