Effect of Prostaglandin D2 on mRNA Expression of Three Isoforms of Hyaluronic Acid Synthase in Nasal Polyp Fibroblasts

Yuji Hirata, Shin Kariya, Kengo Kanai, Tazuko Fujiwara, Sei Ichiro Makihara, Ryotaro Omichi, Takaya Higaki, Takenori Haruna, Aiko Oka, Kazunori Nishizaki, Mitsuhiro Okano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Hyaluronan is one of the major extracellular matrixes in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) associated with tissue remodeling. Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) is also associated with the pathogenesis of CRS. However, little is known about whether PGD2 regulates hyaluronan production by human airway fibroblasts. Objective: We sought to determine the effect of PGD2 on the mRNA expression of three isoforms of membrane-bound hyaluronic acid synthase (HAS1, HAS2 and HAS3) in fibroblasts, the major source of hyaluronan production, derived from CRS patients. Methods: Nasal polyp-derived fibroblasts (NPDF) and uncinate tissue-derived fibroblasts (UTDF) were established from CRS patients with nasal polyps and those without, respectively. These fibroblasts were stimulated with PGD2 or PGD2 receptor (DP/CRTH2)-selective agonists in the presence or absence of receptor-selective antagonists. mRNA levels for HAS1, HAS2 and HAS3 were determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Results: PGD2 (1 µM) significantly enhanced HAS1 but not HAS2 or HAS3 mRNA expression by NPDF. Enhanced HAS1 mRNA expression was also obtained by stimulation with a DP receptor-selective agonist, but not with a CRTH2 receptor-selective agonist. In addition, PGD2-induced HAS1 mRNA expression was significantly inhibited by pre-treatment with DP receptor-selective antagonists. Similar induction of PGD2-induced HAS1 mRNA expression was seen in UTDF. Conclusion: PGD2 selectively stimulates HAS1 mRNA expression in local fibroblasts in CRS via DP, but not CRTH2, receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • DP
  • PGD2
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • fibroblast
  • hyaluronic acid synthase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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