Effect of prostaglandin D2 on VEGF release by nasal polyp fibroblasts

Kengo Kanai, Mitsuhiro Okano, Tazuko Fujiwara, Shin Kariya, Takenori Haruna, Ryotaro Omichi, Sei ichiro Makihara, Yuji Hirata, Kazunori Nishizaki

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to be associated with the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). VEGF is produced by a variety of cells including fibroblasts. It was recently reported that prostaglandin (PG) E2 induces VEGF release by nasal polyp fibroblasts. However, little is known regarding possible regulation of VEGF by other PGs. We have reported that molecules that regulate PGD2 metabolism play roles in the pathogenesis of CRS including in local eosinophilia and type 2 cytokine production. In the present study, we sought to determine whether PGD2 regulates VEGF release by nasal polyp fibroblasts. Methods Nasal polyp fibroblasts were established from nasal polyps. These fibroblasts were stimulated with serial dilutions of PGD2 or PGD2 receptor (DP/CRTH2)-selective agonists in the presence or absence of receptor-selective antagonists. The concentration of VEGF in the culture supernatants was determined using ELISA. Results 5 μM of PGD2 significantly induced VEGF release by nasal polyp fibroblasts. VEGF release was also obtained by stimulation with a DP receptor-selective, but not with a CRTH2 receptor-selective agonist. In addition, PGD2-induced VEGF release was significantly inhibited by pre-treatment with DP receptor-selective antagonists. In contrast, pre-treatment with a CRTH2 receptor-selective antagonist significantly enhanced PGD2-induced VEGF release. Conclusions PGD2 stimulates VEGF production via DP but not CRTH2 receptors in nasal polyp fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-419
Number of pages6
JournalAllergology International
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • CRTH2
  • DP
  • Nasal polyp fibroblast
  • PGD2
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

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  • Cite this

    Kanai, K., Okano, M., Fujiwara, T., Kariya, S., Haruna, T., Omichi, R., Makihara, S. I., Hirata, Y., & Nishizaki, K. (2016). Effect of prostaglandin D2 on VEGF release by nasal polyp fibroblasts. Allergology International, 65(4), 414-419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alit.2016.03.003