Effect of occlusal pressure on the histopathological changes in denture supporting tissues

T. Hara, T. Sato, K. Nakashima, S. Minagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Histopathological changes in the denture supporting tissues in relation to the occlusal pressure exerted through an experimental denture base were studied. An experimental denture, which prescribed the occlusal pressure by the amount of subsidence of the denture base (100, 50 and 13 μm), was constructed for the palate of the molar region of rat. Histopathological changes caused by the occlusal pressure were observed, and the intensity of the pressure was also estimated. In the 100 μm subsidence group, compression of epithelium and lamina propria mucosae, inflammatory change and bone resorption were caused by the occlusal pressure. In the 50 μm subsidence group, compression of epithelium and lamina propria mucosae and bone resorption were observed, while in the 13 μm subsidence group, no evidence of inflammatory change and bone resorption were observed. The epithelium and lamina propria mucosae recovered histopathologically depending on the gradual decrease of the occlusal pressure resulting from bone resorption, whereas no quantitative recovery of the resorbed bone tissue was observed in the 100 and 50 μm subsidence groups. From the results observed in this study, a high correlation was observed between the histopathological changes under a denture base and the intensity of the occlusal pressure, and the possibility of the existence of the threshold for bone resorption induced by occlusal pressure was suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-371
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of oral rehabilitation
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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