We examined the effects of chronic nitric oxide (NO) blockade on bone mineral status in growing rats. Oral administration of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) for 4 wk caused hypertension and a significant reduction in urinary NO2 and NO3/- excretion. Four-week oral aminoguanidine (AG, 400 mg/dl of drinking water) did not alter blood pressure but caused a significant decrease in urinary NO2/- and NO3/-. Rats treated with L-NAME at doses of 20 and 50 mg/dl had normal bone mineral mass in the lumbar spine, but the highest dose (80 mg/dl) caused a slight decrease in bone mass. Chronic AG induced a significant spine osteopenia. This effect of AG was abolished by the simultaneous administration of L-arginine (2.0 g/dl). AG-induced osteopenia was associated with a significant increase in urine excretion of collagen cross-links with normal serum osteocalcin. These findings indicate that chronic AG administration can cause an imbalance between bone resorption and formation, resulting in a decrease in bone mass in growing rats, and suggest that NO produced by inducible NO synthase plays an important role in basal osteoclast bone degradation activity in vivo.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Issue number||5 33-5|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- biochemical markers
- dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)