Effect of near-source trench structure on teleseismic body waveforms: An application of a 2.5D FDM to the Java trench

Taro Okamoto, Hiroshi Takenaka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We study strong effect of near-source structure on teleseismic body waveforms from two well-recorded aftershocks of the 2006 Java tsunami earthquake. We assume a two-dimensional, heterogeneous model of the Java trench structure on the basis of recent seismic surveys. We compute synthetic waveforms by an efficient “2.5-dimensional” (2.5D) finite-difference method. A “waveform relocation technique” which combines a non-linear inversion of source parameters with a grid search procedure is applied in order to correct possible systematic bias in hypocentral parameters. Simulation of inversion shows that the resolution of the source position obtained by using 2.5D Green’s functions is better than that for 1D Green’s functions. The synthetic waveforms obtained by the inversion of true data with 2.5D Green’s functions reproduce well the observed large later phases, and retrieved moment tensors are similar to those of Global CMT. Thus, the effect of the near-source structure can be reproduced by 2.5D model, and with the 2.5D synthetics we can obtain improved source parameters at the trench regions where only teleseismic data are available.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Geosciences: Volume 13: Solid Earth (SE)
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Pages215-230
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9789812836182, 9812836179, 9789812836175
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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    Okamoto, T., & Takenaka, H. (2009). Effect of near-source trench structure on teleseismic body waveforms: An application of a 2.5D FDM to the Java trench. In Advances in Geosciences: Volume 13: Solid Earth (SE) (pp. 215-230). World Scientific Publishing Co.. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789812836182_0015