Background: Recently, arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis has been performed for moderate-to-severe varus-deformed ankle osteoarthritis. However, the effect of osteophyte resection in the lateral gutter in arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis has not been clarified. We hypothesized that a varus-deviated ankle with lateral gutter osteophytes can be corrected by osteophyte resection. Methods: Thirty-nine ankles of 38 patients were included. The mean age of patients was 70.0 (45-83) years. The patients were divided into the following groups: group with an osteophyte in the lateral gutter (osteophyte) and group with no osteophytes (nonosteophyte). Preoperative and postoperative tibiotalar angle, tibial plafond angle, and tibiotalar angle under valgus stress, as well as the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) ankle/hindfoot scale, were recorded. Twelve ankles underwent lateral gutter osteophyte resection, whereas the other 27 ankles did not require osteophyte resection. Results: Preoperative tibiotalar angle was higher in the osteophyte group than in the nonosteophyte group (21.8 vs 11.2 degrees, P =.01). The tibiotalar angle in the preoperative valgus stress imaging was higher in the osteophyte group (12.9 vs 5.7, P <.01). However, the postoperative tibiotalar angle was similar between the 2 groups (7.1 vs 5.4, P =.183). JSSF ankle/hindfoot scale improved in both groups. Conclusion: Lateral gutter osteophyte resection enabled correction of the varus malalignment in arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative series.
- arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis
- lateral gutter osteophyte
- stress radiograph
- tibiotalar angle
- varus deformity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine