The effect of intrathecal nocistatin on formalin-induced pain in mice was investigated and compared with that of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (Noc/OFQ) to get information on the functional relationship between nocistatin and Noc/OFQ in the spinal cord. Subcutaneous injection of formalin into the hindpaw induced biphasic pain behaviors. Nocistatin, 1 pg, given intrathecally 1 min before 2% formalin injection, significantly attenuated the first phase of the formalin-induced pain. Also, 10 to 1000 pg of nocistatin, given 10 min after formalin injection, significantly inhibited the second phase of the formalin test. Naloxone, 5 mg/kg i.p., failed to antagonize inhibitory effects of nocistatin on either phase of the formalin- induced pain, indicating that analgesic effects of nocistatin were unrelated to the classic opioid system. At 1 to 100 pg, Noc/OFQ exerted no influence on either phase of the 2% formalin-induced pain. However, at 1% formalin, Noc/OFQ significantly aggravated the second phase at 10 pg but not the first phase at I to 1000 pg. This aggravating effect of Noc/OFQ was completely reversed by 10 pg of nocistatin. At 0.3 and 1 μg, Noc/OFQ, but not nocistatin, significantly inhibited both phases of the 2% formalin-induced pain. Suppressive effects of 1 μg of Noc/OFQ on the formalin-induced pain were not affected by 1 μg of nocistatin. These results suggest that Noc/OFQ might be involved in the second phase of the mouse formalin test and that, under such pathophysiological conditions, nocistatin could exhibit antagonism against Noc/OFQ at the spinal level.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine