Effect of initial water content on saturated hydraulic conductivity in desalinization with slaking and drying

Abul Hasnat M. Shamim, Takeo Akae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soil slaking is an environment-friendly technique that is gaining importance in restoring saline soils. The objective of this article is to evaluate the effect of initial water content (IWC) on saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) in desalinization with slaking and drying. Accordingly, a slaking test was carried out during February, 2009 for evaluating the effects of slaking and drying on Ks, sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) and exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP) under various IWC. We prepared natural and air-dried soils of paddy field in Kojima Bay Polder, Japan to give different pre-drying, air-dried, and not dried (natural). The air-dried soils were resaturated. Each soil was well mixed, then dried to different initial moisture contents (60, 50, 40, 30, 20, and 10% by weight). The specimens were immersed into water in the pot for 24 h. The Ks was measured, and cations in slaked and unslaked soils were analyzed. The Ks was high under the water content below 30% in both the natural and the air-dried soils. But the effects were more pronounced in the natural soil. The air-dried soil showed far smaller Ks than the natural soil. In outer solution, the highest SAR was noted at 30% in the natural and 30 and 20% in the air-dried soils. Significant decrease in ESP of the soils (slaked + unslaked) was also observed at the same water content. Lower water content was more effective in decreasing the soil ESP after desalinization from saline soil. The natural soil showed lower ESP and higher porosity, which was considered as a reason for higher Ks of natural soil than that of air-dried soils. The results indicated that lower water content (10-30%) had no hazardous effect on Ks by slaking and drying of soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalPaddy and Water Environment
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2011

Keywords

  • Drying
  • ESP
  • Moisture contents
  • SAR
  • Saturated hydraulic conductivity
  • Slaking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Water Science and Technology

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