Effect of Hydrogen Concentration on Engine Performance, Exhaust Emissions and Operation Range of PREMIER Combustion in a Dual Fuel Gas Engine Using Methane-Hydrogen Mixtures

Cagdas Aksu, Nobuyuki Kawahara, Kazuya Tsuboi, Shun Nanba, Eiji Tomita, Morio Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A single cylinder, supercharged dual fuel gas engine with micro-pilot fuel injection is operated using methane only and methane-hydrogen mixtures. Methane only experiments were performed at various equivalence ratios and equivalence ratio of 0.56 is decided as the optimum operating condition based on engine performance, exhaust emissions and operation stability. Methane-hydrogen experiments were performed at equivalence ratio of 0.56 and 2.6 kJ/cycle energy supply rate. Results show that indicated mean effective pressure is maintained regardless of hydrogen content of the gaseous fuel while thermal efficiency is improved and presence of hydrogen reduces cyclic variations. Increasing the fraction of hydrogen in the fuel mixture replaces hydrocarbon fuels and reduces carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions. Mixtures with higher hydrogen content undergo faster heat release from flame propagation, approach knocking limit faster and are less knock resistant. 40% methane - 60% hydrogen mixture is prone to premature autoignition and superknocking, and is the critical concentration limit for methane-hydrogen mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSAE Technical Papers
Volume2015-September
Issue numberSeptember
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

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Dual fuel engines
Gas engines
Gas fuels
Methane
Engines
Hydrogen
Hydrocarbons
Fuel injection
Engine cylinders
Carbon monoxide
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Effect of Hydrogen Concentration on Engine Performance, Exhaust Emissions and Operation Range of PREMIER Combustion in a Dual Fuel Gas Engine Using Methane-Hydrogen Mixtures",
abstract = "A single cylinder, supercharged dual fuel gas engine with micro-pilot fuel injection is operated using methane only and methane-hydrogen mixtures. Methane only experiments were performed at various equivalence ratios and equivalence ratio of 0.56 is decided as the optimum operating condition based on engine performance, exhaust emissions and operation stability. Methane-hydrogen experiments were performed at equivalence ratio of 0.56 and 2.6 kJ/cycle energy supply rate. Results show that indicated mean effective pressure is maintained regardless of hydrogen content of the gaseous fuel while thermal efficiency is improved and presence of hydrogen reduces cyclic variations. Increasing the fraction of hydrogen in the fuel mixture replaces hydrocarbon fuels and reduces carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions. Mixtures with higher hydrogen content undergo faster heat release from flame propagation, approach knocking limit faster and are less knock resistant. 40{\%} methane - 60{\%} hydrogen mixture is prone to premature autoignition and superknocking, and is the critical concentration limit for methane-hydrogen mixtures.",
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AU - Aksu, Cagdas

AU - Kawahara, Nobuyuki

AU - Tsuboi, Kazuya

AU - Nanba, Shun

AU - Tomita, Eiji

AU - Kondo, Morio

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