Effect of geometry and microstructure of honeycomb TCP scaffolds on bone regeneration

Kiyofumi Takabatake, Eiki Yamachika, Hidetsugu Tsujigiwa, Yasushi Takeda, Mariko Kimura, Shin Takagi, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Seiji Iida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, artificial biological materials have been commonly used for the treatment of bone tissue defects caused by trauma, tumors, or surgical stress. Although tricalcium phosphate (TCP) is a promising absorbent bone tissue reconstruction biomaterial, it has been reported that its biocompatibility and osteoconductivity depend on its preparation method and sintering temperature. In addition, although it is thought that the microenvironment produced by the extracellular matrix plays an important role in cell growth and differentiation, there have been few studies on how the geometric structure of artificial biological materials affects cells. In the present study, a new honeycomb TCP scaffold containing through-holes with diameters of 300 μm has been developed. The influence of the sintering temperature on the crystal structure and material properties of the honeycomb TCP scaffold was investigated using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Its biocompatibility and osteoconductivity were also evaluated by implantation into experimental animals. It was found that a β-TCP scaffold sintered at 1200°C exhibited high biocompatibility and osteoconductivity, and when it was loaded with BMP-2, it exhibited both osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity, promoting rapid bone formation in both ectopic and orthotopic areas. It is thus a highly promising bone reconstruction material that is expected to find clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2952-2960
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014


  • bone
  • geometric structure
  • honeycomb TCP
  • scaffold
  • sintering temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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