Effect of external bending moment on the sealing performance of pipe flange connection

Hiroyasu Torti, Yoshio Takagi, Yuya Omiya, Toshiyuki Sawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Since an external bending moment affected the sealing performance of pipe flange connection. it was important to investigate this effect. This paper malyzed the contact gasket stress distribution of pipe flange connections and evaluated the effect of external bending moment on the sealing performance from the viewpoint of changes in contact gasket stress. The study included the FE malyses and the experimental leakage tests. The FE malyses revealed the large decrease of contact gasket stress at tension side and small increase at compression side. The difference in change in contact gasket stress was caused by the non-linear hysterics characteristics of stress-displacement curve of gasket. The FE malyses also revealed that the loading order, internal pressure and external bending moment, also affected the sealing performance due to the non-linear deformation characteristic of the gasket. The experimental leakage tests using helium (He) gas were malyzed by the finite element method and discussed. This paper also evaluated the stress distribution in the pipe flange under external bending moment. The results suggested that the hub stress dominated the flange structure and the most important factor in designing the flange.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-721
Number of pages4
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A
Volume77
Issue number777
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bending Moment
  • Gasket
  • Pipe Flange Connection
  • Sealing Performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

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