We present herein a comprehensive study of how the equation of state affects laser imprinting by nonuniform laser irradiation of an inertial fusion target. It has been suggested that a stiffer and denser material would reduce laser imprinting based on the equation of motion with pressure perturbation. We examine the detailed temporal evolution of the imprint amplitude by using the two-dimensional radiation hydrodynamic simulation PINOCO-2D for diamond, which is a candidate stiff-ablator material for inertial fusion targets. The simulated laser imprinting amplitude is compared with experimental measurements of areal-density perturbations obtained by using face-on x-ray backlighting for diamond and polystyrene (PS) (the latter as a reference). The experimental results are well reproduced by the results of the PINOCO-2D simulation, which indicates that the imprinting amplitude due to nonuniform irradiation (average intensity, 4.0 × 1012 to 5.0 × 1013) differs by a factor of two to three between diamond and PS. The difference in laser imprinting is mainly related to the material density and compressibility. These parameters are key factors that determine the laser imprinting amplitude.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics