Effect of dietary control on plasma nitrate level and estimation of basal systemic nitric oxide production rate in humans

S. Mochizuki, E. Toyota, O. Hiramatsu, T. Kajita, F. Shigeto, M. Takemoto, Y. Tanaka, K. Kawahara, F. Kajiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is of great interest and value to evaluate the systemic nitric oxide (NO) production rate in humans under various conditions. However, the currently available estimation methods are troublesome and time-consuming. We thus aimed at developing a simple method to estimate the basal systemic NO production rate in humans based on a steady-state analysis, i.e., a balance between the systemic NO production rate and the total nitrate elimination rate. Plasma nitrate concentrations of young healthy volunteers (n = 7 in group 1; n = 9 in group 2) were measured for 2 days. In group 1, all subjects had the same meals for 7 days prior to the plasma nitrate measurement. In group 2, all subjects were allowed free diets. The plasma nitrate concentrations were highly influenced by dietary nitrite/nitrate intake in both groups and reached the steady-state levels after 14-h fasting. Accordingly, the basal systemic NO production rates were estimated from the plasma nitrate concentrations after 14-h fasting (group 1, 630 ± 37 nmol min-1 = 0.78 ± 0.03 μmolkg-1h-1; group 2, 597 ± 45 nmol min-1 = 0.66 ± 0.05 μmolkg-1h-1, P = not significant vs group 1). These estimated values were comparable to the values obtained by other methods. In conclusion, the present estimation method with 14-h fasting using a single-compartment analysis was found to be a simple approach to quantitative evaluation and intra- and interindividual comparisons of the basal systemic NO production rates in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-279
Number of pages6
JournalHeart and Vessels
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basal systemic nitric oxide production rate
  • Fasting
  • Human
  • Plasma nitrate
  • Single-compartment model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Mochizuki, S., Toyota, E., Hiramatsu, O., Kajita, T., Shigeto, F., Takemoto, M., Tanaka, Y., Kawahara, K., & Kajiya, F. (2000). Effect of dietary control on plasma nitrate level and estimation of basal systemic nitric oxide production rate in humans. Heart and Vessels, 15(6), 274-279. https://doi.org/10.1007/s003800070005