Effect of carbonaceous aerosols on surface temperature in the mid twentieth century

Tatsuya Nagashima, Hideo Shiogama, Tokuta Yokohata, Toshihiko Takemura, Simon A. Crooks, Toru Nozawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simulations using a climate model are used to investigate the possible impact of increasing emissions of carbonaceous aerosols on near-surface temperature in the mid-20th century. The annual global mean near-surface temperature change from the mid-20th century onward is reasonably described by a model that is forced by changes in most of the known climate forcing agents including an increase in carbonaceous aerosols, though it can also be well reproduced without increases in carbonaceous aerosols. However, if we consider spatio-temporal structure of the changes in the near-surface temperature, an increase in carbonaceous aerosols is definitely required for the model to represent changes in the near-surface temperature in the mid-century, in particular, cooling trends in the tropical and subtropical continents. The significance of an increase in carbonaceous aerosols as an indispensable contributor to mid-20th century temperature changes is confirmed with the use of an optimal fingerprinting methodology.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL04702
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 28 2006
Externally publishedYes

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twentieth century
surface temperature
aerosols
aerosol
climate forcing
climate models
continents
climate
climate modeling
effect
methodology
cooling
trends
simulation
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Effect of carbonaceous aerosols on surface temperature in the mid twentieth century. / Nagashima, Tatsuya; Shiogama, Hideo; Yokohata, Tokuta; Takemura, Toshihiko; Crooks, Simon A.; Nozawa, Toru.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, No. 4, L04702, 28.02.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nagashima, Tatsuya ; Shiogama, Hideo ; Yokohata, Tokuta ; Takemura, Toshihiko ; Crooks, Simon A. ; Nozawa, Toru. / Effect of carbonaceous aerosols on surface temperature in the mid twentieth century. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2006 ; Vol. 33, No. 4.
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