Effect of beta-mercaptoethanol during in vitro fertilization procedures on sperm penetration into porcine oocytes and the early development in vitro

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Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the effects of beta-mercaptoethanol (bME) during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, and/or the following culture until 6-9 h after insemination, on sperm penetration of porcine in vitro maturation (IVM) oocytes and the early development in vitro. When fresh spermatozoa were cultured in various concentrations of bME for 2 h, bME neutralized the stimulatory effect of caffeine-benzoate on sperm capacitation and the spontaneous acrosome reaction at 50-250 μmol/l. When 50 μmol/l bME were added during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, the sperm penetration rate was reduced 9 h after insemination (70.5-82.0% vs 90.5-94.0% in the absence of bME), but the incidence of monospermic penetration was not affected. When 50 μmol/l bME were supplemented during culture after a transient co-culture, the sperm penetration rate was not affected, but the incidence of monospermy oocytes was increased (43.9-45.8% vs 31.7-34.3% in the absence of bME). The presence of bME following a transient co-culture minimized a decrease of oocyte glutathione content at 6 h after insemination (7.9 pmol/oocyte before in vitro fertilization (IVF), 6.7 pmol/oocyte in the presence of bME vs 5.5 pmol/oocyte in the absence of bME). When the distribution of cortical granules was evaluated 1 h after activation with calcium ionophore, mean pixel intensity of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled peanut agglutinin (FITC-PNA) at the cortex region was lower in the oocytes activated and cultured in the presence of 50 μmol/l bME. Although the presence of 50 μmol/l bME during a transient co-culture for 10 min and the following culture did not increased blastocyst formation (29.6-37.7%), 50 μmol/l bME during the following culture significantly increased the mean cell numbers per blastocyst (73.3-76.4 vs 51.2 in the presence and absence of bME respectively). These results demonstrate that supplementation with bME during IVF procedures, except during a transient co-culture period of gametes in the presence of caffeine, has a beneficial effect in maintaining the function of gametes, the incidence of normal fertilization and, consequently, the quality of IVF embryos.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)889-898
Number of pages10
JournalReproduction
Volume130
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

Fingerprint

Sperm-Ovum Interactions
Mercaptoethanol
Fertilization in Vitro
Oocytes
Swine
Coculture Techniques
Germ Cells
Insemination
In Vitro Techniques
Blastocyst
Incidence
Sperm Capacitation
In Vitro Oocyte Maturation Techniques
Acrosome Reaction
Calcium Ionophores
Caffeine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Cell Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Embryology

Cite this

@article{64e4295e08c4492b844a166cc8cfad48,
title = "Effect of beta-mercaptoethanol during in vitro fertilization procedures on sperm penetration into porcine oocytes and the early development in vitro",
abstract = "This study was carried out to determine the effects of beta-mercaptoethanol (bME) during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, and/or the following culture until 6-9 h after insemination, on sperm penetration of porcine in vitro maturation (IVM) oocytes and the early development in vitro. When fresh spermatozoa were cultured in various concentrations of bME for 2 h, bME neutralized the stimulatory effect of caffeine-benzoate on sperm capacitation and the spontaneous acrosome reaction at 50-250 μmol/l. When 50 μmol/l bME were added during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, the sperm penetration rate was reduced 9 h after insemination (70.5-82.0{\%} vs 90.5-94.0{\%} in the absence of bME), but the incidence of monospermic penetration was not affected. When 50 μmol/l bME were supplemented during culture after a transient co-culture, the sperm penetration rate was not affected, but the incidence of monospermy oocytes was increased (43.9-45.8{\%} vs 31.7-34.3{\%} in the absence of bME). The presence of bME following a transient co-culture minimized a decrease of oocyte glutathione content at 6 h after insemination (7.9 pmol/oocyte before in vitro fertilization (IVF), 6.7 pmol/oocyte in the presence of bME vs 5.5 pmol/oocyte in the absence of bME). When the distribution of cortical granules was evaluated 1 h after activation with calcium ionophore, mean pixel intensity of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled peanut agglutinin (FITC-PNA) at the cortex region was lower in the oocytes activated and cultured in the presence of 50 μmol/l bME. Although the presence of 50 μmol/l bME during a transient co-culture for 10 min and the following culture did not increased blastocyst formation (29.6-37.7{\%}), 50 μmol/l bME during the following culture significantly increased the mean cell numbers per blastocyst (73.3-76.4 vs 51.2 in the presence and absence of bME respectively). These results demonstrate that supplementation with bME during IVF procedures, except during a transient co-culture period of gametes in the presence of caffeine, has a beneficial effect in maintaining the function of gametes, the incidence of normal fertilization and, consequently, the quality of IVF embryos.",
author = "Hiroaki Funahashi",
year = "2005",
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doi = "10.1530/rep.1.00702",
language = "English",
volume = "130",
pages = "889--898",
journal = "Reproduction",
issn = "1470-1626",
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T1 - Effect of beta-mercaptoethanol during in vitro fertilization procedures on sperm penetration into porcine oocytes and the early development in vitro

AU - Funahashi, Hiroaki

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N2 - This study was carried out to determine the effects of beta-mercaptoethanol (bME) during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, and/or the following culture until 6-9 h after insemination, on sperm penetration of porcine in vitro maturation (IVM) oocytes and the early development in vitro. When fresh spermatozoa were cultured in various concentrations of bME for 2 h, bME neutralized the stimulatory effect of caffeine-benzoate on sperm capacitation and the spontaneous acrosome reaction at 50-250 μmol/l. When 50 μmol/l bME were added during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, the sperm penetration rate was reduced 9 h after insemination (70.5-82.0% vs 90.5-94.0% in the absence of bME), but the incidence of monospermic penetration was not affected. When 50 μmol/l bME were supplemented during culture after a transient co-culture, the sperm penetration rate was not affected, but the incidence of monospermy oocytes was increased (43.9-45.8% vs 31.7-34.3% in the absence of bME). The presence of bME following a transient co-culture minimized a decrease of oocyte glutathione content at 6 h after insemination (7.9 pmol/oocyte before in vitro fertilization (IVF), 6.7 pmol/oocyte in the presence of bME vs 5.5 pmol/oocyte in the absence of bME). When the distribution of cortical granules was evaluated 1 h after activation with calcium ionophore, mean pixel intensity of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled peanut agglutinin (FITC-PNA) at the cortex region was lower in the oocytes activated and cultured in the presence of 50 μmol/l bME. Although the presence of 50 μmol/l bME during a transient co-culture for 10 min and the following culture did not increased blastocyst formation (29.6-37.7%), 50 μmol/l bME during the following culture significantly increased the mean cell numbers per blastocyst (73.3-76.4 vs 51.2 in the presence and absence of bME respectively). These results demonstrate that supplementation with bME during IVF procedures, except during a transient co-culture period of gametes in the presence of caffeine, has a beneficial effect in maintaining the function of gametes, the incidence of normal fertilization and, consequently, the quality of IVF embryos.

AB - This study was carried out to determine the effects of beta-mercaptoethanol (bME) during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, and/or the following culture until 6-9 h after insemination, on sperm penetration of porcine in vitro maturation (IVM) oocytes and the early development in vitro. When fresh spermatozoa were cultured in various concentrations of bME for 2 h, bME neutralized the stimulatory effect of caffeine-benzoate on sperm capacitation and the spontaneous acrosome reaction at 50-250 μmol/l. When 50 μmol/l bME were added during a transient co-culture of gametes for 10 min, the sperm penetration rate was reduced 9 h after insemination (70.5-82.0% vs 90.5-94.0% in the absence of bME), but the incidence of monospermic penetration was not affected. When 50 μmol/l bME were supplemented during culture after a transient co-culture, the sperm penetration rate was not affected, but the incidence of monospermy oocytes was increased (43.9-45.8% vs 31.7-34.3% in the absence of bME). The presence of bME following a transient co-culture minimized a decrease of oocyte glutathione content at 6 h after insemination (7.9 pmol/oocyte before in vitro fertilization (IVF), 6.7 pmol/oocyte in the presence of bME vs 5.5 pmol/oocyte in the absence of bME). When the distribution of cortical granules was evaluated 1 h after activation with calcium ionophore, mean pixel intensity of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled peanut agglutinin (FITC-PNA) at the cortex region was lower in the oocytes activated and cultured in the presence of 50 μmol/l bME. Although the presence of 50 μmol/l bME during a transient co-culture for 10 min and the following culture did not increased blastocyst formation (29.6-37.7%), 50 μmol/l bME during the following culture significantly increased the mean cell numbers per blastocyst (73.3-76.4 vs 51.2 in the presence and absence of bME respectively). These results demonstrate that supplementation with bME during IVF procedures, except during a transient co-culture period of gametes in the presence of caffeine, has a beneficial effect in maintaining the function of gametes, the incidence of normal fertilization and, consequently, the quality of IVF embryos.

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