Effect of Annealing on Pinning Force of Bi-2223 Phase

Yoshihiro Kusano, Youichi Ohkami, Tokuro Nanba, Jun Takada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pining characteristics due to the precipitates of the “3321”(Sr2.5Bi0.5Pb3Ca2CuO2) phase have been studied in the Bi-2223 phase in the Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system by mainly XRD and magnetic measurements. The precipitation of the “3321”, phase was controlled by changing annealing temperature and annealing time in air. On annealing at 750°C for lOmin and lh, the larger hysteresis loops in M-H curves were observed in comparison with the initial one before annealing. However, the hysteresis loops became smaller with increasing precipitation of the “3321”, phase. Furthermore, the 2223 phase annealed at 400°C and 500°C, in which no precipitation of the “3321” phase was observed, exhibits larger hysteresis loops.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1501-1504
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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