Economic growth, migration, and rural depopulation in the Republic of Korea: comparison with Japan's experiences

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Abstract

This article examines the depopulation phenomenon in rural Republic of Korea (hereinafter, Korea) in relation to the regional characteristics of the de-populated areas as well as its causes and consequences. The results are compared to Japan's experiences in this regard. For the analysis, the author selected seriously depopulated areas at the myun level, the lowest administrative unit of rural Korea, using three indicators: depopulation rate, ratio of aged population, and population density. As a result, two clusters of seriously depopulated areas were noticeable in 1980, and an additional two clusters were identified in 1990. The main impetus of regional characteristics of seriously depopulated areas in Korea was explained as the regional differences of migration patterns. Comparing this feature with Japan's situation, it was found that national policies and the time dimension played a more important role in Korea than market forces and the spatial dimension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-259
Number of pages21
JournalRegional Development Studies
Volume3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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