Eclipsed mitral regurgitation successfully treated with a combination of surgical and pharmacological therapies: A case report

Keishi Ichikawa, Atsuyuki Watanabe, Hiroshi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Eclipsed mitral regurgitation (MR), which is characterized by a transient and reversible massive functional MR, usually causes recurrent episodes of acute pulmonary oedema in patients with a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. The pathophysiological mechanism and optimal treatment of eclipsed MR are not yet fully understood. Case summary A 72-year-old woman was hospitalized with cardiogenic shock and takotsubo cardiomyopathy. After hospitalization worsening dyspnoea again appeared, and urgent transthoracic echocardiography revealed severe MR, which spontaneously resolved in a few minutes. At this point, eclipsed MR was detected for the first time. Diagnostic examination revealed that the eclipsed MR was caused by a left ventricular afterload increase. Ultimately, the patient began medical therapy and underwent mitral valve replacement. The subsequent clinical course was favourable. Discussion This case illustrates the importance of early intervention for eclipsed MR. A combination of surgical and pharmacological therapies can serve as one treatment option for an eclipsed MR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Case Reports
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Case report
  • Eclipsed MR
  • Mitral valve surgery
  • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
  • Transient acute mitral regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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