Eccentric contractions of gastrocnemius muscle-induced nerve damage in rats

Kihyuk Lee, Karina Kouzaki, Eisuke Ochi, Koji Kobayashi, Arata Tsutaki, Kenji Hiranuma, Katsuya Kami, Koichi Nakazato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: We examined the effects of gastrocnemius eccentric contractions (ECs) on the sciatic nerve in rats. Methods: Rats were divided randomly into the following 3 groups: control, 180EC (ECs with 180°/s angular velocity), and 30EC (ECs with 30°/s angular velocity). Twenty ECs were induced by electrical stimulation of the gastrocnemius. On days 3, 7, and 10 after the ECs, nerve conduction velocity (NCV) was measured, and sciatic nerve branches were harvested for analysis. Results: A significant decrease in NCV was observed between the control and day-7 180EC. Significant reduction in the levels of myelin sheath protein zero (p0) between day 7 and day 3 180EC and a significant increase of macrophage-related protein and tyrosine kinase receptor C were observed between day 7 180EC and day 7 30EC. Conclusions: ECs with fast angular velocities induce functional and structural damage in innervating nerve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-94
Number of pages8
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Eccentric contraction
  • Muscle damage
  • Nerve conduction velocity
  • Nerve damage
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Lee, K., Kouzaki, K., Ochi, E., Kobayashi, K., Tsutaki, A., Hiranuma, K., Kami, K., & Nakazato, K. (2014). Eccentric contractions of gastrocnemius muscle-induced nerve damage in rats. Muscle and Nerve, 50(1), 87-94. https://doi.org/10.1002/mus.24120