Early chondral damage following meniscus repairs with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Takaaki Hiranaka, Takayuki Furumatsu, Yusuke Kamatsuki, Kazuhisa Sugiu, Shinichi Miyazawa, Yoshiki Okazaki, Shin Masuda, Yuki Okazaki, Yuya Kodama, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Meniscal tears are commonly observed in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Meniscal repair has become a common procedure for the injured meniscus, and good clinical outcomes have been reported in such cases when used concurrently with ACL reconstruction. However, it is unclear whether early chondral damage progression can be prevented following meniscal repair with ACL reconstruction, as meniscal damage is a potential risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the zone-specific chondral damage that occurs after arthroscopic meniscal repair with concomitant ACL reconstruction. Our hypothesis was that meniscal repair with ACL reconstruction would not decrease the rate of progression of chondral damage compared to that observed in isolated ACL reconstruction with intact menisci. Methods: This study included 40 patients who underwent anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. We divided the patients into the following two groups: Group A with an intact meniscus (20 knees) and Group M requiring meniscal repair (20 knees). Chondral damage was evaluated arthroscopically in six compartments and 40 sub-compartments, and these features were graded using the International Cartilage Repair Society lesion classification. The cartilage damage in each sub-compartment and compartment was compared between the two groups both at reconstruction and at second-look arthroscopy (average 16 months postoperatively). At the latest follow-up examination (average 37 months postoperatively), the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was compared between the two groups. Results: Group M had a significantly worse cartilage status than Group A in five sub-compartments (mainly in the medial compartment) at reconstruction and in nine sub-compartments (mainly in the bilateral compartments) at second-look arthroscopy. The mean IKDC score was better in Group A than in Group M (Group A; 90 vs. Group M; 86). The overall success rate of meniscal repairs was 92% (23 of 25 menisci) at second-look arthroscopy. Conclusion: The progression of post-traumatic chondral damage may occur at a faster rate in patients who require ACL reconstruction and meniscal repair than in patients with intact menisci.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • Chondral damage
  • Meniscal repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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