Dynamin2 GTPase contributes to invadopodia formation in invasive bladder cancer cells

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Abstract

Cancer cell invasion is mediated by actin-based membrane protrusions termed invadopodia. Invadopodia consist of “core” F-actin bundles associated with adhesive and proteolytic machineries promoting cell invasion by degrading extracellular matrix (ECM). Formation of the F-actin core in invadopodia is regulated by various actin-binding proteins including Arp2/3 complex and cortactin. Dynamin GTPase localizes to the invadopodia and is implicated in cancer cell invasion, but its precise role at the invadopodia remained elusive. In this study, we examined the roles of dynamin at the invadopodia of bladder cancer cells. Although all three dynamin isoforms (dynamin1, 2 and 3) are expressed in human bladder cancer cell line T24, only dynamin2 localizes to the invadopodia. Inhibition of dynamin2 function, using either RNA interference (RNAi) or the dynamin specific inhibitor Dynasore, caused defects in invadopodia formation and suppressed invasive activity of T24 bladder cancer cells. Structure-function analysis using dynamin2 deletion fragments identified the proline/arginine-rich domain (PRD) of dynamin2 as indispensable for invadopodia formation and invasiveness of T24 cells. Thus, dynamin2 contributes to bladder cancer invasion by controlling invadopodia formation in bladder cancer cells and may prove a valuable therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-414
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume480
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 18 2016

Fingerprint

GTP Phosphohydrolases
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Dynamins
Cells
Actins
Cortactin
Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex
Microfilament Proteins
Proline
Arginine
Podosomes
Adhesives
Protein Isoforms
RNA
Membranes
Defects
RNA Interference
Extracellular Matrix
Neoplasms
Cell Line

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Bladder cancer
  • Cortactin
  • Dynamin
  • Invadopodia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Dynamin2 GTPase contributes to invadopodia formation in invasive bladder cancer cells",
abstract = "Cancer cell invasion is mediated by actin-based membrane protrusions termed invadopodia. Invadopodia consist of “core” F-actin bundles associated with adhesive and proteolytic machineries promoting cell invasion by degrading extracellular matrix (ECM). Formation of the F-actin core in invadopodia is regulated by various actin-binding proteins including Arp2/3 complex and cortactin. Dynamin GTPase localizes to the invadopodia and is implicated in cancer cell invasion, but its precise role at the invadopodia remained elusive. In this study, we examined the roles of dynamin at the invadopodia of bladder cancer cells. Although all three dynamin isoforms (dynamin1, 2 and 3) are expressed in human bladder cancer cell line T24, only dynamin2 localizes to the invadopodia. Inhibition of dynamin2 function, using either RNA interference (RNAi) or the dynamin specific inhibitor Dynasore, caused defects in invadopodia formation and suppressed invasive activity of T24 bladder cancer cells. Structure-function analysis using dynamin2 deletion fragments identified the proline/arginine-rich domain (PRD) of dynamin2 as indispensable for invadopodia formation and invasiveness of T24 cells. Thus, dynamin2 contributes to bladder cancer invasion by controlling invadopodia formation in bladder cancer cells and may prove a valuable therapeutic target.",
keywords = "Actin, Bladder cancer, Cortactin, Dynamin, Invadopodia",
author = "Yubai Zhang and Maya Nolan and Hiroshi Yamada and Masami Watanabe and Yasutomo Nasu and Kohji Takei and Tetsuya Takeda",
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T1 - Dynamin2 GTPase contributes to invadopodia formation in invasive bladder cancer cells

AU - Zhang, Yubai

AU - Nolan, Maya

AU - Yamada, Hiroshi

AU - Watanabe, Masami

AU - Nasu, Yasutomo

AU - Takei, Kohji

AU - Takeda, Tetsuya

PY - 2016/11/18

Y1 - 2016/11/18

N2 - Cancer cell invasion is mediated by actin-based membrane protrusions termed invadopodia. Invadopodia consist of “core” F-actin bundles associated with adhesive and proteolytic machineries promoting cell invasion by degrading extracellular matrix (ECM). Formation of the F-actin core in invadopodia is regulated by various actin-binding proteins including Arp2/3 complex and cortactin. Dynamin GTPase localizes to the invadopodia and is implicated in cancer cell invasion, but its precise role at the invadopodia remained elusive. In this study, we examined the roles of dynamin at the invadopodia of bladder cancer cells. Although all three dynamin isoforms (dynamin1, 2 and 3) are expressed in human bladder cancer cell line T24, only dynamin2 localizes to the invadopodia. Inhibition of dynamin2 function, using either RNA interference (RNAi) or the dynamin specific inhibitor Dynasore, caused defects in invadopodia formation and suppressed invasive activity of T24 bladder cancer cells. Structure-function analysis using dynamin2 deletion fragments identified the proline/arginine-rich domain (PRD) of dynamin2 as indispensable for invadopodia formation and invasiveness of T24 cells. Thus, dynamin2 contributes to bladder cancer invasion by controlling invadopodia formation in bladder cancer cells and may prove a valuable therapeutic target.

AB - Cancer cell invasion is mediated by actin-based membrane protrusions termed invadopodia. Invadopodia consist of “core” F-actin bundles associated with adhesive and proteolytic machineries promoting cell invasion by degrading extracellular matrix (ECM). Formation of the F-actin core in invadopodia is regulated by various actin-binding proteins including Arp2/3 complex and cortactin. Dynamin GTPase localizes to the invadopodia and is implicated in cancer cell invasion, but its precise role at the invadopodia remained elusive. In this study, we examined the roles of dynamin at the invadopodia of bladder cancer cells. Although all three dynamin isoforms (dynamin1, 2 and 3) are expressed in human bladder cancer cell line T24, only dynamin2 localizes to the invadopodia. Inhibition of dynamin2 function, using either RNA interference (RNAi) or the dynamin specific inhibitor Dynasore, caused defects in invadopodia formation and suppressed invasive activity of T24 bladder cancer cells. Structure-function analysis using dynamin2 deletion fragments identified the proline/arginine-rich domain (PRD) of dynamin2 as indispensable for invadopodia formation and invasiveness of T24 cells. Thus, dynamin2 contributes to bladder cancer invasion by controlling invadopodia formation in bladder cancer cells and may prove a valuable therapeutic target.

KW - Actin

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KW - Cortactin

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KW - Invadopodia

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