Dynamic changes in cortical NADH fluorescence and direct current potential in rat focal ischemia: Relationship between propagation of recurrent depolarization and growth of the ischemic core

T. Higuchi, Y. Takeda, M. Hashimoto, O. Nagano, M. Hirakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forty rats were subjected to 3 hours of focal ischemia by occluding the left middle cerebral and left common carotid arteries. The propagation of recurrent depolarization around the ischemic core was analyzed using direct-current potential and NADH (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) fluorescence images by irradiating the parietal-temporal cortex with ultraviolet light. Based on histological evaluation at direct-current recording sites, the total time of depolarization causing 50% neuronal injury was estimated to be 18.2 minutes. The sites showing recurrent depolarizations resulted in 23 ± 29% neuronal injury due to the short depolarization time, whereas the sites showing recurrent depolarizations and eventually persistent depolarization resulted in infarction. The NADH fluorescence images showed that recurrent depolarizations propagated along the margin of the ischemic core. In 85.9% of the recurrent depolarizations, the fluorescence disappeared without leaving any traces and did not affect the area of the ischemic core. However, in 47.5% of the animals, 14.1% of recurrent depolarizations merged with the ischemic core and increased the area by 6 ± 4 mm2. These findings suggest that recurrent depolarization increases the severity of neuronal injury but does not cause infarction by itself if persistent depolarization does not follow, and that the area of persistent depolarization is enlarged with 14.1% of recurrent depolarizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Brain ischemia
  • DC potential
  • Focal cerebral ischemia
  • Ischemic depolarization
  • NADH
  • Spreading depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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